Recently PHP 5.5 got EOL’d, but PHP 5.6 will be supported for another two years. On Debian, this is a just a matter of upgrading the php5 package, but FreeBSD splits it out into two packages: php55 and php56, not to mention that extensions are also split out this way. The fact that I’ve installed php via ports also complicates things.
Doing the deed⌗
This assumes portmaster is installed.
Listing the installed php55 packages:
$ pkg info | grep php55 php55-5.5.38 PHP Scripting Language php55-ctype-5.5.38 The ctype shared extension for php etc...
Get the original ports path they were installed from (pkg query is a fantastic command to have in your toolbelt), and convert any 5.5 refereces to 5.6:
$ pkg query "%o" $(pkg info | grep php55 | cut -f 1 -d ' ' | tr '\n' ' ') \ | sed 's/55/56/g' lang/php56 extproc/php56-ctype etc...
For the sake of brevity, I’m going to place the list of packages into a temporary file
pkg query "%o" $(pkg info | grep php55 | cut -f 1 -d ' ' | tr '\n' ' ') \ | sed 's/55/56/g' > /tmp/php56-packages.txt
I’m pretty sure that all the packages I care about have 5.6 equivalents, but just to be sure, let’s check that those directories exist in the ports directory:
while read d; do [[ -d /usr/local/"$d" ]] && echo "$d does not exist"; done < /tmp/php56-packages.txt
Copy over the ports' options directory. (skip this step if you think any packages may need to be compiled differently):
mkdir -p /var/db/ports/lang_php56/ /var/db/ports/lang_php56-extensions/ cp /var/db/ports/lang_php55/options /var/db/ports/lang_php56/ cp /var/db/ports/lang_php55-extensions/options /var/db/ports/lang_php56-extensions/
Now begins the actual changes! Build 5.6 over 5.5 with portmaster:
sudo portmaster -n -o /usr/ports/lang/php56 lang/php55
Do a quick dry run with portmaster (if there are any new options that can be set, portmaster will open up a prompt):
portmaster -n $(cat /tmp/php56-packages.txt | tr '\n' ' ')
Install the other packages sequentially, in the same manner as the main php56 package:
cat /tmp/php56-packages.txt | grep -v 'lang/php56$' | \ while read p; do echo portmaster -D --no-confirm -o "/usr/ports/$p" "$(echo "$p" | sed 's/56/55/g')"; done
Restart any necessary daemons, and you’re done! This was a learning process for me, I’m sure this could be compressed into a nice script. Of course, if you need to upgrade many machines, or downtime is an issue, building packages from the ports system (possible with portmaster’s
-g flag), and then installing them wholesale would cut down on the amount of time spent compiling everything.